Basic Cat Health


Your cat needs to be vaccinated with an F3 or F4 vaccine. If it is a kitten then we are looking at the initial vaccination at 8 weeks, another at 12 weeks and a final booster at 16 weeks. This requirement varies depending on the age and vaccination history of the cat.


Your cat will need a visit to the vet every 12 months for a thorough checkup and vaccination booster. If you have a senior cat, your vet may request to change this to 6 months 

Fresh Water

Cats need constant access to fresh water at all times. Most cats are lactose intolerant so must not be given cow's milk. It is likely to cause diarrhoea.


Clean, healthy teeth are an important part of cat health. Good quality, dry commercial cat food and chicken wings from time to time will assist with this.


Your cat's general health depends on them receiving a nutritionally balanced diet. Feeding twice a day with good quality dry and canned commercial cat food will achieve this. Fat cats are not healthy cats, a sensible diet and exercise address this potential problem.


Cats are prone to fleas. Fleas can cause a lot of long term problems so it is important to treat them early. The most efficient seems to be the liquid capsule type; eg: 'Revolution', 'Advantage' or 'Frontline', although there are other options on the market, both at your vet and in the supermarket.


Remember to worm your cat every three months using either paste or tablets. Speak to your Vet about some of the 'spot on' products that cover worms and fleas in one. These are available from your vet or supermarket.

Wandering Cats

Your cat's health may be seriously jeopardised by allowing it to wander at night. There is a high probability of death or injury if it is hit by a car or gets involved in a fight. These are quite common occurrences. See 'Reasons to confine your cat"


Like dogs, cats are also susceptible to heartworm. Please obtain advice on prevention from your vet regarding heartworm prevention products.


Frequent (daily) grooming of long haired cats is essential. Failure to do so will result in discomfort, pain and possible health problems for your cat. If you do not have the time and commitment for this do not get a long haired breed.


Earmites are a common problem with cats and must be treated early. Check the ears regularly. Symptoms include shaking of the head and scratching around the ears. Consult your vet.

Indoor Cats

Indoor cats must have a large, clean tray with cat litter available at all times. Cats are relatively easy to house train because they are by nature clean animals. Trays must be cleaned daily as cat faeces can be hazardous to human health, especially if you are pregnant. Check with your doctor if this applies. See 'Reasons to confine your cat'